Making the Border and Frontiersmen. Militarisation in Temeswarer Banat, 1764–1775

Ilić Mandić, Jelena (2022) Making the Border and Frontiersmen. Militarisation in Temeswarer Banat, 1764–1775. In: From medieval frontiers to early modern borders in Central and South-Eastern Europe. Peter Lang Publishing, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Warszawa, Wien, pp. 207-228. ISBN 978-3-6318-8011-1

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This paper presents an overview of the early development of the Banat Military Border, starting with the year 1764. It focuses on the process of militarisation in three areas of the Habsburg province Temeswarer Banat, affected by various problems. The area around Pančevo was militarised in 1764, the main consequence of which was the resettlement of the local population and colonisation of veterans (as part of a broader state intervention in terms of spatial organisation). The area around Bela Crkva was militarised in 1764, where the main events were the transformation of the former Miliz into frontiersmen, and the later exchange of territory between civil and military jurisdictions. The area between Orşova and Marga was militarised after 1769. It was characterised by resistance to militarisation and emigration, and was affected by the consequences of war and bandit incursions from Wallachia. Finally, the paper shows that the change of administration (shift from civil to military) brought crucial changes to the demographics, economy and spatial history of southern parts of this Habsburg province

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Temeswarer Banat, Habsburg Monarchy, Military Border, German Banat Regiment, Wallachian Illyrian Regiment
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D204 Modern History
D History General and Old World > DB Austria
D History General and Old World > DR Balkan Peninsula
Depositing User: Milica J
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2023 11:54
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2023 10:29

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