Kralj i crkva

Komatina, Ivana (2022) Kralj i crkva. In: Sveti kralj Milutin. Vladar na raskršćima svetova. Zadužbina Svetog manastira Hilandara, Beograd, pp. 219-241. ISBN 978-86-7768-117-3

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During the almost forty-year reign of King Stefan Uroš II Milutin, the “throne of St Sava” was occupied by five archbishops, and the See of Rome by eight pontiffs. The political circumstances that held sway during the decades of Milutin’s rule, but also the fact that, in the territory over which he reigned, there were two active and canonically recognized Churches, Orthodox and Roman Catholic, demanded that the king should manage ecclesiastical politics with all the aplomb of his predecessors from the House of Nemanja. The king played a significant role in the election of his archbishops, and, in the main, these cooperated with him and fell in with his plans. Milutin nurtured a particularly close relationship with hegumen of Hilandar and later bishop of Hum, Danilo II, but also with Danilo’s disciple, Nikodim. The expansion of the Serbian state to north and south, and the withdrawal of Dargutin into the ‘lands of Srem’also brought about changes in the organization of the Serbian Church. The inclusion of new bishoprics was only possible if the state legal framework for such an undertaking had been established. From the episcopal notice of the Serbian churches, which is believed to date from 1317 – 1321 and which survives in the form of a later transcript, we learn that the Serbian archbishopric numbered fifteen bishoprics, the principal of which, of course, was Žiča, which indicates that the geopolitical and ecclesiastical borders of the state coincided. Milutin’s relationship with the Roman CatholicChurch was both rich and complex but, incomparison to that with the Orthodox Church, we are justified in observing that it was guidedby clear political interests. It was such interests that motivated Milutin’s correspondence with the Papal Curia on his acceptance of the Roman Catholic confession and union with the Roman Catholic Church. Intensive correspondence is known to have occurred in 1288, 1291, 1303 and 1308, but, though the union never took pace, that did not mean that the king was ill-disposed to Roman Catholics in his domains. On the contrary, he was a founder and benefactor of Roman Catholic places of worship, and respected the attitude of his mother, Queen Jelena (Helen of Anjou), towards them. Milutin’s relations with the Church can be characterized as tolerant and peaceable, and his ecclesiastical policy was driven exclusively by the imperative to protect the state and church interests of the Serbian and Maritime Lands

Item Type: Book Section
Additional Information: COBISS.SR-ID 67671817
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D111 Medieval History
D History General and Old World > DR Balkan Peninsula
Depositing User: Slavica Merenik
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2023 15:08
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2023 12:14

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